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Comments

A Kassner

Thank you for acknowledging the differences between blogs and personal essays. I also appreciate that you mentioned the marketability of personal essays. I am a good essayist but discouraged because of my misunderstandings related to sales. Thank you. Iam now headed back to the stacks.

Loren Stephens

Back to basics -- as many times as I have heard you give these tips about essay writing, it is always so helpful to have them repeated. I particularly like -- when you get stuck about an ending go back to the beginning because you can recast the beginning in the context of what the essay has revealed. Thank you as always, Loren

Cindy La Ferle

Great points, all. One that is often overlooked by new students in my classes is offering a "take-away" -- as you aptly put it -- in personal essays. It helps to realize that we need to provide a lesson or an "aha" moment in these pieces. Thank you.

Barbara

A.Kassner - Yes, it does take a lot of homework to find the markets. Keep at it!

Loren - I really do feel I have to relearn how to write an essay each time I write a new one.

Cindy - Exactly - that aha is what makes it work -

Susan Bearman

I've also heard the "take away" described as the "So what?" Why are you telling me this story?

Barbara

Susan - Exactly.

Terence Reed

Very interesting I must say. The point about "take away" was rather informative.

We also have some interesting information about personal essays and how to write them. Check out: http://www.a2zessays.com/articles/TipsonWritingPersonalEssays.html

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Youcef

Speaking from experience, it's so true. In ALL auatcl TOEFL tests that my friends and I have taken, the listening passage directly contradicts what is stated in the reading passage. In every (there are ALWAYS 3 reasons) point or reason mentioned in the reading passage, the professor refutes this by providing a directly opposing point.

Ljiljana

In vitro human tissue reeacrsh is vital to the progress of medicine and pharmaceutics. While isolated cells can never entirely represent how a drug or treatment can affect the human body, they give hints as to how it will perform in live subjects. Animal testing is imperative when seeing the effects of new drugs, but it can only go so far. Lab animals are raised in labs under specific conditions. Such test subjects have very little variety in lifestyles whereas every human is different. If we were to conduct in vitro human reeacrsh, we must take samples from a variety of patients with different backgrounds in order to make the most of their cells. Again, while observing the behavior of individual cells tell reeacrshers very little about how the rest of the body would react to the treatments, it paves the way for safer drug trials on human volunteers.The tissue that will be used for reeacrsh would be the tissue that is taken from diagnostic tests or the tissue that is excised during surgery. The patient will have the option to not give consent to this and will be explained to s/he in a clear manner in the vernacular. Tissue that has been extracted that could be used for transplantation will have priority for transplantation and will not be used for reeacrsh unless there is no demand for it.It has been a concern of retrieving written consent from the individual in which excess human tissue, taken when receiving any medical treatment, will be used for advancement in medical reeacrsh. We are considering two options regarding legal consent. In one sense, written consent is not necessary while receiving treatment. When a patient enters a hospital for treatment and gets treated, receiving the treatment is an awknolegement of permission for the doctors to use the excess tissue for examinations and tests to further reeacrsh. Another option would be, while registering to receive treatment, a form will be included asking whether the patient is supportive of donating any unused tissue taken for examinations as support for reeacrsh and cures to remaining ailments. Majority of the time, the patient will agree to aid advancement in reeacrsh. At any time, the patient can also bring up the contract again and decide to donate their excess tissue in the name of reeacrsh. Giving the patient choice allows them a sense of ownership which addresses a current issue in today’s world. These plans would address the current issues of tissue donation. As the saying goes “One man’s trash is another man’s treasure”, the same goes for this case. If one receives medical treatment, they automatically give the consent for the medical professionals to use any extra tissue for reeacrsh that benefits the entire society.If tissue is used and a large discovery is found, such as a cure to cancer, the patient whose tissue will not be given a reward. The tissue donation consent form would state that no stipend will be rewarded for tissue donations. It is all for the scientific and medical advancement.To receive legal consent from the patient, it is imperitive that the doctor establish a trusting relationship with the patient. Without strong rapport, the sample size of donation tissues will be limited and will negatively effect reeacrsh results. A strong relationship enables for the patient to feel not manipulated or taken advantage of by the doctor. The patient would also feeel a strong sense of connection to the benefits of reeacrsh. This rapport is also built through informing the patient of what their tissue is going to be used for. When informed, the patient will have a higher likelihood of consenting to donate their excess tissue for the advancement of reeacrsh. Of course, their tissue will actually be used for the reeacrsh we say they will be used for. If the patient requests, we may inform them of the progress of the reeacrsh written in a way that the patient understands. Such a report will be sent via mail. Doing this will build rapport with the patients. While this may increase the amount of red tape reeacrshers have to go through, they can receive a larger and more diverse sample space for their reeacrsh.

jazmin

I think that this group has done an excellent job in terms of difnieng how tissue is used in the confines of a research hospital. I think their points of in vitro testing as well as how patients should and do consent to have tissue removed are also on point and valid. Most of all, their main idea of outlining the process in which research in done in the status quo highlights the need for research and the sacrifices necessary. However, I think that they should focus more on how the UC Merced medical school instructs their students. There is an ethical dilemma that is inherent for tissue harvest. The issues at hand are subjects such as stem cell extraction and dangerous biopsies. I think that the group should include a paragraph addressing how to educate our next generation of doctors in terms of the sacrifices should be made in the name of health and how to deal with them ethically. This letter is aimed at the Board of Trustees, who is looking to us the current students of UC Merced to define what direction the future medical school should head in. Keeping this in mind, I think that overall, this letter is good. Just add some student-to-student wisdom.

Anan

The book The Immortal life of Henrietta Lacks has examples in it on what we dsrbeice as unethical harvesting. This book is about a woman who had cancer in the 1950s and in the course of getting treatment her cells were harvested without her permission and she was put through horrific pain and eventual death. First of all Henrietta's cancer cells were taken and sent to a lab for study that was unrelated to her treatment (p.33). This was done without her knowledge. She did sign a waiver prior to receiving any treatment but this made no mention of biological samples being taken for a separate study (p.31). Shortly after receiving the cells of Mrs. Lacks the lab belonging to Dr. George Gey discovered the cells did not die off quickly as so many other samples had. In fact they seemed to grow indefinitely becoming the first immortal cells, the HeLa cells (p.41). This doctor was so blinded by his discovery that he failed to consider to source of the cells. By the time he went on a TV program to promote his work on the HeLa cells Henrietta's skin was burned black by experimental radiation treatments and she was almost incapacitated by regular pain and fatigue (p.48,56-57).

Santa

, TOEFL Books teach for-against and that why students could not aciievhe. What I see in TOEFL Test is just what he said.I really think he is the best.Thank you very much again and again

Narender

. can u pls add some videos of other esyass also .here i find only argument and discussion esyass that is very much valuable sir . ur doing a great job sir. i went other online classes . so i can say this is more valuable

Ahcen

For all his fame and celebration, William Shakespeare rnmiaes a mysterious figure with regards to personal history. There are just two primary sources for information on the Bard: his works, and various legal and church documents that have survived from Elizabethan times. Naturally, there are many gaps in this body of information, which tells us little about Shakespeare the man.William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, allegedly on April 23, 1564. Church records from Holy Trinity Church indicate that he was baptized there on April 26, 1564. Young William was born of John Shakespeare, a glover and leather merchant, and Mary Arden, a landed local heiress. William, according to the church register, was the third of eight children in the Shakespeare household—three of whom died in childhood. John Shakespeare had a remarkable run of success as a merchant, alderman, and high bailiff of Stratford, during William's early childhood. His fortunes declined, however, in the late 1570s.There is great conjecture about Shakespeare's childhood years, especially regarding his education. It is surmised by scholars that Shakespeare attended the free grammar school in Stratford, which at the time had a reputation to rival that of Eton. While there are no records extant to prove this claim, Shakespeare's knowledge of Latin and Classical Greek would tend to support this theory. In addition, Shakespeare's first biographer, Nicholas Rowe, wrote that John Shakespeare had placed William for some time in a free school. John Shakespeare, as a Stratford official, would have been granted a waiver of tuition for his son. As the records do not exist, we do not know how long William attended the school, but certainly the literary quality of his works suggest a solid education. What is certain is that William Shakespeare never proceeded to university schooling, which has stirred some of the debate concerning the authorship of his works.The next documented event in Shakespeare's life is his marriage to Anne Hathaway on November 28, 1582. William was 18 at the time, and Anne was 26—and pregnant. Their first daughter, Susanna, was born on May 26, 1583. The couple later had twins, Hamnet and Judith, born February 2, 1585 and christened at Holy Trinity. Hamnet died in childhood at the age of 11, on August 11, 1596.For the seven years following the birth of his twins, William Shakespeare disappears from all records, finally turning up again in London some time in 1592. This period, known as the Lost Years, has sparked as much controversy about Shakespeare's life as any period. Rowe notes that young Shakespeare was quite fond of poaching, and may have had to flee Stratford after an incident with Sir Thomas Lucy, whose deer and rabbits he allegedly poached. There is also rumor of Shakespeare working as an assistant schoolmaster in Lancashire for a time, though this is circumstantial at best.It is estimated that Shakespeare arrived in London around 1588 and began to establish himself as an actor and playwright. Evidently, Shakespeare garnered envy early on for his talent, as related by the critical attack of Robert Greene, a London playwright, in 1592: an upstart crow, beautified with our feathers, that with his Tiger's heart wrapped in a player's hide, supposes he is as well able to bombast out a blank verse as the best of you: and being an absolute Johannes fac totum, is in his own conceit the only Shake-scene in a country. Greene's bombast notwithstanding, Shakespeare must have shown considerable promise. By 1594, he was not only acting and writing for the Lord Chamberlain's Men (called the King's Men after the ascension of James I in 1603), but was a managing partner in the operation as well. With Will Kempe, a master comedian, and Richard Burbage, a leading tragic actor of the day, the Lord Chamberlain's Men became a favorite London troupe, patronized by royalty and made popular by the theatre-going public.Shakespeare's success is apparent when studied against other playwrights of this age. His company was the most successful in London in his day. He had plays published and sold in octavo editions, or penny-copies to the more literate of his audiences. Never before had a playwright enjoyed sufficient acclaim to see his works published and sold as popular literature in the midst of his career. In addition, Shakespeare's ownership share in both the theatrical company and the Globe itself made him as much an entrepeneur as artist. While Shakespeare might not be accounted wealthy by London standards, his success allowed him to purchase New House and retire in comfort to Stratford in 1611.William Shakespeare wrote his will in 1611, bequeathing his properties to his daughter Susanna (married in 1607 to Dr. John Hall). To his surviving daughter Judith, he left ?300, and to his wife Anne left my second best bed. William Shakespeare allegedly died on his birthday, April 23, 1616. This is probably more of a romantic myth than reality, but Shakespeare was interred at Holy Trinity in Stratford on April 25. In 1623, two working companions of Shakespeare from the Lord Chamberlain's Men, John Heminges and Henry Condell, printed the First Folio edition of his collected plays, of which half were previously unpublished.William Shakespeare's legacy is a body of work that will never again be equaled in Western civilization. His words have endured for 400 years, and still reach across the centuries as powerfully as ever. Even in death, he leaves a final piece of verse as his epitaph:Good friend, for Jesus' sake forbeareTo dig the dust enclosed here.Blessed be the man that spares these stones,And cursed be he that moves my bones.

Rodrigo

The Life of Shakespeare;Shakespeare was a great influence to liatuetrre. His life, unfortunately, is not as well-known as his works. Much of his life is based on available documentation.Shakespeare’s birth date is not known, but because records were found of his baptism on Wednesday, April 26, 1564, many believe he was born that year. He was the third of seven children to John and Mary Shakespeare.William lived with his dad. We can presume he lived on Henley Street in Stratford since records claim his father lived there.A bond certificates dating November 28, 1582 shows the marriage of 18 year old William and twenty-six pregnant Anne Hathaway.Seven months after his marriage, his first daughter, Susanna was born sometime in May, 1583. Baptism records show twins Hamnet and Judith born around February, 1592. Hamnet, William’s only son died in 1596 when he was eleven years old.In his teens, William bought the New Place. Since his father had financial hardship in 1576, William either bought the house with his own money or his father must have left money in William’s name. William might have bought it using money he made from his plays. William wrote 15 of his 37 plays in his teens.His death came on April 23, 1616. He was buried at the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford. He left most of his estate to his oldest daughter, Savannah. In his will were names of actors which I proof that William worked in theater.On his tombstone is written that he should be left in peace and a curse to anyone who moves his bones. It reads as this:Good friend, for Jesusb4 sake forbeareTo digg the dust enclosed here!Blest be ye man that spares thes stonesAnd curst be he that moues my bones.The translation is as followed:Good friend, for Jesus’ sake, forbearTo dig the dust enclosed here;Blest be the man that spares these stonesAnd curst he that moves my bones.

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